عنوان مقاله [English]
The term 'ihsan' , in addition to the commonly used application as beneficience and
kindness, relates to the quality of the deed and how it is carried out i.e. performing
the action in a good manner. The goodness of a manner itself pertains to
compatibility of its components with each other and that of the deed with its
objectives. Therefore, 'ihsan' means observing compatibility of the action in both
fields. In the semantic system of the holy Quran , 'ihsan' is connected to other
concepts such as monotheism, piety, resistance, worship ,faith and virtuous deed. In
this study we have surveyed the semantic domain of 'ilisan' in Quran, which is an
integrated network of related concepts.
In Quran , the subjects used for 'ihsan' are God and humankind. 'Ihsan' attributed to
God has been used in two meanings:first, the goodness of the created and second
,beneficence and kindness. By the former it is meant the creation of good and
suitable creatures regardless of the quality of performance. 'lhsan' attributed to
human beings has also been applied to two meanings: kindness and the goodness of
deed. The latter refers to the quality of performing an action and in Quran its object
is worshiping which should be done out of gratefulness, based on knowledge, faith
and certainty about the day of resurrection and attended by patience and resistance.
This meaning for 'ihsan' is the subject of discussion in the holy Quran, kindness
being caused by it and required for it.
This article has studied the semantic field of 'ilisan' in Quran, limiting its survey to
the personal domain.