عنوان مقاله [English]
There is a group of narrations about the battle of Banī Qurayzah about the killing of one of the leaders of this tribe named Zubair Ibn Bātā, which has been narrated from Urwah Ibn Zubair, Ibn Shihāb al-Zuhrī, and al-Wāqidī. According to these narrations, Zubair Ibn Bātā was released by Thābit Ibn Qays, but after his release, he asked to be killed and then the Muslims complied with his request. In this article, the narrations related to this incident were examined using the Isnad-cum-Matn analysis method, concluding that the second part of the narration, i.e. Zubair was killed, has been fabricated and added to this narration; because there is earlier information containing that Thābit Ibn Qays set Zubair free in return of an owe. This is completely consistent with the first part of these narrations. In addition, Zubair was a free man when being killed, and his killing is not subject to captive legal rules but is considered murder which is forbidden in Islam. According to this study, the distortion was probably done by al-Zuhair in the first quarter of the second century. This distorted narration has been used in various ways in the jurisprudence of some jurists of the Islamic school of thought since the end of the second century in issuing a sentence on a captive.
Keywords: Tradition Criticism, Banī Qurayzah, Isnad-cum-Matn Analysis Method, Zubair Ibn Bātā, Killing a Captive