عنوان مقاله [English]
“Mer'at-ul- Ughul Fi Sharhe Akhbare- ale-r Rasul” is Allameh Mohammad Bagher Majlesi’s commentary on al-Kaafi. The book's high status among Islamic scholars and its precedence over other collections on hadith commentary has added to its value . In his collection, in order to elaborate the meaning of the Hadith, Allameh explains the interpretations of Hadiths and points out delicate matters.Prior to his analysis of each text, he classifies the chain of tradition , evaluating it in some cases . In his commentary of the text, he sometimes merely relies on his own explanations. Some other times, moreover, he employs Quranic verses, the Imams’ words, the companions’ narratives, the explanations of interpreters, traditionists and scholars to elucidate the hadith. He states syntactic, morphological, rhetorical and historical issues. In the cases where the discussed Hadith is in obstensible contradiction with another Hadith or a Quranic verse, he mentions it and removes it. He expresses doubts and tries to eliminate them. He even interprets the verses in the Hadiths through interpretation methods. In some other cases he refers to Sunni sources, which shows his overwhelming knowledge of them.Allameh mentions Hadiths in his book in the same order as their original book and prior to addressing the hadiths of a chapter, he explains about the chapter proper.
he separates his own words from that of al-Kaafi Hadiths ;employing “He says” for that of Kafi and “I say” for his own words. In this way he analyzes all the Hadiths one by one.