عنوان مقاله [English]
Sheikh Sadugh (d 381 AH) in his books particularly in his 'Man la-yahzarohol-
faghih', 'ElIal ol-Sharaye' 'and' 'Eyun Akhbar al-Reza' has many traditions from
Imam Reza(pbuh) narrated on the authority of Fazl ibn Shazan Neyshaburi'(d260).
In the past centuries all the scholars in Islamic studies, specifically the
jurisprudences have used these narrations in their documentations of laws or
referred to them in their many juridical issues .in 'Wasa'el al-Shia' encyclopedia .onc
of the basic references for juridical inference. the narrations of Fazl ibn Shazan
from Imam is as many as 350 cases. The contemporary hadith scholar 'Muharnmad
Bagher Behbudi' based on Rijal Kashshi and that of Tusi declares the birth time for
Fazl as late as after the martyrdom of Imam Reza(pbuh) and therefore invalidates all
these hadiths according to their chain of narration. According to his view these
narrations by Fazl from Imam Rezaipbuh) are in authority of' 'Ali ibn Muhammad
ibn Quataybeh' who is considered a' great liar' and 'fraud'.
In this article, based on the two mentioned Rejaly books and various historical
evidents and considering the teachers and students of 'Ibn Shazan' we have reached a
controversial conclusion i.e. he was born near the year 180 and therefore was
capable of narrating from His Exellency.